Are you building a prototype dynamic web application and need to collaborate with non-developers? I have been to a hackathon before and experienced participating with the knowledge on how to develop an application but lacked the skill or time to implement a full-stack web application in the 3-day sprint. In one of the hackathons I have participated in recently, I encountered a similar problem. This time around I was not the newbie.
I had non-engineers who wanted to help in building our prototype web application. Luckily, we stumbled upon a Google Spreadsheets as a way for our non-engineers to mock up our database and have the back-end developers connect to Google Sheets JSON Endpoint and parse it.
Go to Google Sheets. Click Publishthen OK. If you receive the response below, please check your URL and make sure you use the Google Sheets code in the address bar. If you receive the response below, please go back to Section 2: Publishing your Google Sheets to the web.
If you read this far, tweet to the author to show them you care. Tweet a thanks.
Learn to code for free. Get started. Stay safe, friends. Learn to code from home. Use our free 2, hour curriculum. Clark Jason Ngo Read more posts by this author. The result? I have learned a lot but I wished I could've contributed more. With this guide, you'll be able to: Create a spreadsheet in Google Spreadsheets.
Publish the spreadsheet to the web. Generate a JSON endpoint. Open the spreadsheet for public collaboration. Pass the JSON endpoint to your back-end developer. After this tutorial, you'll be able to join teams and say, "I can help with the back-end!Completed the Quickstart and ready for the next step? Once you've got this working, move on to our codelab where you can build a customized reporting tool for a fictitious toy company.
Both applications use the same database. The sample app for this video demonstrates how to set frozen rows, bold cells, format floating-point values as currency, and implement cell data validation. For developers already familiar with the Sheets API, this video shows how to use the API along with the Google Slides API to link charts and import data from spreadsheets into slide presentations, making your Sheets data even more presentable. The Sheets API gives you full control over the content and appearence of your spreadsheet data.
Home Guides Reference Samples Support. The latest version of the Sheets API lets developers programmatically: Read and write data Format text and numbers Build pivot tables Enforce cell validation Set frozen rows Adjust column sizes Apply formulas Create charts Getting started Our Quickstarts are there to help you get something running right away.
Take a look at a Quickstart in your preferred development language. Once you know the basics, check out our developer videos found below. Finally, read more about using the API with our developer documentation pages further explained to the right. Developer documentation API guides explain how you can implement some of the most common use cases. The guides also include the Quickstarts for most supported development languages. The reference documentation contains detailed information about API object types and methods.
The "recipes" in the Samples section show language-independent solutions to common spreadsheet tasks, like formatting a header row.
Generating slides from spreadsheet data For developers already familiar with the Sheets API, this video shows how to use the API along with the Google Slides API to link charts and import data from spreadsheets into slide presentations, making your Sheets data even more presentable.The Sheets API allows you to read values from cells, ranges, sets of ranges and entire sheets.
The examples on this page illustrate how some common read operations can be achieved with the spreadsheets. You can also read cell values using the spreadsheets. In these examples, the placeholder spreadsheetId is used to indicate where you would provide the spreadsheet IDwhich can be discovered from the spreadsheet URL.
The ranges to read from are specified using A1 notation in the request URL. For these examples, assume the spreadsheet being read has the following data in its first sheet "Sheet1" :. The following spreadsheets. A1:D5 and returns them in the response. Empty trailing rows and columns are omitted. The request protocol is shown below. The response to this method call is a ValueRange object that describes range values:.
A1:D3 and returns them in the response, but organized to be grouped by column. A1:D5 and returns them in the response, but uses rendering options to choose how that information is returned. Other settings are possible as well.
Empty trailing rows and columns are omitted from the response.
B:B, and Sheet1! The response consists of an object with the spreadsheet ID and an array of ValueRange objects corresponding to each requested range, listed in the order they were requested. For example:. Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.
For details, see the Google Developers Site Policies. Home Guides Reference Samples Support. Overview Learning Resources.Spreadsheets have many settings that let you craft beautiful and functional sheets, so the API has many settings too.
The API offers two main ways to interact with the spreadsheet:. Both of these collections are straightforward to use, although the spreadsheets collection provides many more options.
Google Sheets API
For more about these collections and their use, see the reference documentation links above or the following developer guides:. Every API method requires a spreadsheetId parameter which is used to identify which spreadsheet is to be accessed or altered. The spreadsheet ID is a string containing letters, numbers, and some special characters. Individual sheets in a spreadsheet have titles which must be unique and IDs.
The following shows the structure of the URL and where sheetId can be found:. Some API methods require a range in A1 notation. This is a string like Sheet1! A1:B2that refers to a group of cells in the spreadsheet, and is typically used in formulas. For example, valid ranges are:. Named ranges are also supported. When a named range conflicts with a sheet's name, the named range is preferred. If the sheet name has spaces or starts with a bracket, surround the sheet name with single quotes 'e.
For simplicity, it is safe to always surround the sheet name with single quotes. Google Sheets uses a form of epoch date that is commonly used in spreadsheets. The whole number portion of the value left of the decimal counts the days since December 30th The fractional portion right of the decimal counts the time as a fraction of one day.
For example, January 1st at noon would be 2. February 1st at 3pm would be Version 3. We no longer document v1 or v2.
Versions 1 and 2 are no longer available as of October 20, Occasionally, we make a mistake in this documentation, or unknowingly break a feature that you depend on. If this has happened to you, sorry! You can help us fix the issue by posting in the forum or by filing a bug. We appreciate your help! Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.
For details, see the Google Developers Site Policies. Send feedback. Starting on May 28,the spreadsheet and spreadsheets. Follow this migration guide to update your applications so that they use the v4 API. Learn more. What can this API do? This API is useful for: Managing the worksheets in a Google Sheets file Consuming the rows of a worksheet Managing cells in a worksheet by position Common use cases Common use cases for this API include: Computing financial data stored in an inaccessible system Presenting statistics to users in a web browser Consuming data entered into a spreadsheet by a user Terminology used in this guide Throughout this guide, a number of terms are used which are intended to have specific meanings.
All spreadsheets must have at least one worksheet, and have one worksheet by default. The first row of a worksheet is always considered the header row when using the API, and therefore is the row that defines the keys represented in each row. Which version of the API should be used? Additional resources and information about this guide Occasionally, we make a mistake in this documentation, or unknowingly break a feature that you depend on.Filters allow you to sort and filter the data that you see when you view a spreadsheet.
Data that matches the filter criteria you specify doesn't appear while the filter is on. With filter views, you can also save different filters and switch between them whenever you like.
Filters do not change the data in your spreadsheet, so they are useful when you want to temporarily hide or sort some information. The basic filter for a spreadsheet is a filter that is applied whenever you view the spreadsheet. You can turn the basic filter off by clearing it.
This removes the filter and all its settings from the spreadsheet. If you want to turn the same filter back on, you need to set the criteria again.
Introduction to the Google Sheets API
To set or clear the basic filter, use the BatchUpdate method with the appropriate request type:. Filter views are named filters that you can toggle off and on whenever you like.
A spreadsheet can have any number of filter views, but you can only apply one at a time. You can use the spreadsheet URL to specify the filter view you want to apply. To do so, use the filter view ID returned in the response when you create the filter view. To create, modify, or delete filter views, use the BatchUpdate method with the appropriate request type:. The BasicFilter is the same except that it lacks a title and ID, and it can't use a named range. A filter can have any number of sort specifications.
These specify how to sort the data and are applied in the specified order. The dimensionIndex attribute specifies the column index. Consider an example sort specification:. When applied to the example data, this specification sorts by quantity first and then by ship date if two rows have the same quantity. Filter criteria determine what data in the spreadsheet is hidden.
Each criterion depends on the values in a specific column.With Google Sheets, you can create, edit, and collaborate wherever you are. For free. Thanks for signing up. You can unsubscribe at any time at the bottom of any email you receive from Google Docs.
Google Sheets makes your data pop with colorful charts and graphs. Built-in formulas, pivot tables and conditional formatting options save time and simplify common spreadsheet tasks. All for free. Choose from a wide variety of budgets, schedules, and other pre-made spreadsheets — all designed to make your work that much better, and your life that much easier.
All your changes are automatically saved as you type. You can even use revision history to see old versions of the same spreadsheet, sorted by date and who made the change.
Open, edit, and save Microsoft Excel files with the Chrome extension or app. Convert Excel files to Google Sheets and vice versa. Use the Explore panel to get an overview of your data, from informative summaries to a selection of pre-populated charts to choose from. Take your Sheets experience even further with add-ons. Try the Yet Another Mail Merge add-on to create and send personalized emails.
Sheets is ready to go when you are. Simply create a spreadsheet through your browser or download the app for your mobile device. Never miss out on the latest updates and handy tips for getting the most out of Google Docs. Create amazing Kim spreadsheets Create spreadsheets Personal With Google Sheets, you can create, edit, and collaborate wherever you are.
Business The Google Sheets you love with added security and control for teams. Learn more.
Sign up. Make it count Google Sheets makes your data pop with colorful charts and graphs. Get a head start with templates Choose from a wide variety of budgets, schedules, and other pre-made spreadsheets — all designed to make your work that much better, and your life that much easier.